A third start-up is expected within the next few months, with the Ndungu Early Production in the Western area of Block 15/06. Further to Block 15/06, Eni is the operator of exploration Blocks Cabinda North, Cabinda Centro, 1/14 and 28, as well as of the New Gas Consortium (NGC). style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>ENI achieves start-up from Cabaca North project deep offshore Angola

By New Europe Online/KG

An oil rig of Italian energy giant ENI. In addition, ENI has stakes in the non-operated Blocks 0 (Cabinda), 3/05, 3/05A, 14, 14 K/A-IMI, 15 and in the Angola LNG. This is the second start-up achieved by ENI Angola in 2021, after the Cuica Early Production achieved in July. The Cabaca North development, with an expected peak production rate in the range of 15 kbopd, will increase and sustain the plateau of the Armada Olombendo, a zero-discharge, zero-process flaring FPSO with an overall capacity of 100 kbopd, ENI said. ENI/FILE PICTURE

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Italian energy giant ENI said on September 24 the company started production from Cabaca North development project, in Block 15/06 of the Angolan deep offshore, via the Armada Olombendo Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) vessel. The start-up of Cabaca North is yet another example of how ENI Angola, in full cooperation with ANPG and partners, keeps creating value on Block 15/06 through its Infrastructure-Led Exploration strategy, generating a pipeline of fast-track subsea tie-backs, thus maximizing the utilization of existing facilities in the area in a sustainable manner, ENI said.   Sonangol Pesquisa e Produção (36.84%) and SSI Fifteen Limited (26.32%) compose the rest of the Joint Venture. Block 15/06 is operated by ENI Angola with a 36.84% share.

The UN High-Level Dialogue on Energy, taking place from September 22 to September 24 in virtual format, is the first UN gathering on energy since 1981. Firstly, a new project with the IEA will prepare zero emission energy roadmaps for countries dependent on coal. It is important that we address these issues at this moment of recovery and cooperate to accelerate the global energy transition,” he added. style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>At UN, EU Commission announces three Energy Compacts

By New Europe Online/KG

The floating wind park WindFloat Atlantic. EDP RENEWABLES

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At the UN High-Level Dialogue on Energy this week in New York, EU Commission Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal Frans Timmermans and Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson presented three Energy Compacts in an effort to mobilise the investments necessary to reach universal energy access and to accelerate the clean energy transition around the world. Secondly, the EU will cooperate with IRENA to prepare Regional Energy Transition Outlooks for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Europe. It aims at accelerating the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 7 in support of the Decade of Action ahead of COP26. The three Compacts are strongly linked to EU’s climate and energy priorities, in particular universal energy access, just transition, and the promotion of renewable energy, including green hydrogen. On September 24, he was also due to participate in the leadership dialogue “Accelerating action to achieve universal energy access and net zero emissions”. The main outcomes of the dialogue will include a global roadmap based on the recommendations of the Working Groups to achieve universal global access by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050, and a series of “Energy Compacts” that present multi-stakeholder partnerships and voluntary commitments from Member States and non-state actors. In their roles as Energy Access Champion and Just Transition Champion in this UN process respectively, Timmermans and Simson highlighted the EU’s willingness to lead the global efforts to reach universal energy access by 2030 and accelerate the clean energy transition, and showed concretely how the European Green Deal plays a role on the global stage. In both keynote interventions, they outlined the European Green Deal ambition to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050 and to achieve a 55% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions emissions in the EU by 2030, presented in an ambitious package of legislative proposals on July 14. “Clean energy is more affordable now than ever, so the time is ripe to break the global dependence on fossil fuels,” Timmermans, said. “Recovery from the pandemic gives us an opportunity to transition faster and to build new energy systems based on renewables. On the first day of the High-Level Dialogue, Timmermans delivered a speech during the panel on “Energy as a golden thread: a means to deliver on domestic and international priorities and goals”. “We are inviting other donors, International Financial institutions and investors to take these steps with us, to turn roadmaps and strategies into projects which bring clean energy and sustainable jobs,” she said. This will be designed to give a boost to green hydrogen worldwide, including a commitment to cooperate on renewable hydrogen development with the African Union in the framework of the Africa-Europe Green Energy Initiative, the Commission said. The roadmaps and regional energy transition outlooks to be developed by the IEA and IRENA with targeted countries and regions will provide opportunities for guiding EU’s further energy policy orientations and investment cooperation. The High-Level Dialogue is structured around five themes, supported by global champions, including Timmermans on energy access and Simson on enabling the SDGs through inclusive and just energy transitions. They will provide a thorough analysis of the regions’ potential and options in terms of renewable energy, energy efficiency, infrastructure, energy access and cross-border cooperation, as well as an assessment of investment needs and socio-economic impact, the Commission said, adding that they will include concrete policy recommendations to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal on energy, in line with the 1.5 degree Paris objective. The Compacts will contribute to achieving the global clean energy transition and complement the EU’s commitments on climate finance, the Commission said. On September 22, Simson intervened with a speech at the session “Knowledge into Action: Advancing a just and inclusive energy transition that also addresses achieving universal energy access”. The roadmaps and outlooks will also support the Africa-EU Green Energy Initiative, to be launched next year. The roadmaps will propose inclusive pathways for energy system decarbonisation that ensure a just, socially fair transition that leaves nobody behind, while ensuring security of energy supply and growing energy access, the Commission said. For her part, Simson reminded that the EU is supporting the global dialogue on just transition based on the bloc’s own experience in moving away from coal. The Commission announced the three UN Compacts in partnership with the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). Thirdly, the EU Commission will work with Denmark, Germany, IRENA and other partners on a Green Hydrogen Compact Catalogue.

In the first half of 2021 there was more use of the so-called dirty energy than greener forms of energy for the whole of Germany which is discouraging,” Filis said, adding, “The same goes with the drastic rise of natural gas gas prices, of energy prices in a period when we thought we wouldn’t face that challenge of the cost as we have secured a long-term low price for the European market”. Each Member State will be able to focus on the sectors with the biggest energy efficiency potential, be it housing or industry,” Simson said, arguing that the EU’s renewables and energy efficiency policy in the context of what is currently happening on the EU energy markets. follow on twitter @energyinsider Reaching net zero does not only require green energy, but also using less energy overall. The July package included two dedicated energy proposals: updating the renewable energy and energy efficiency directives. We must keep investing in wind and solar to make affordable green energy available to all. “This is a global development, with most countries affected, regardless of their location or market arrangements,” she said. Focusing on the Mediterranean region, Constantinos Filis, director of research at Institute of International Relations, told New Europe in Athens, Greece, the big challenge for the countries’ turn to green energy and a green economy is the cost. Now is a good time to take advantage of the available EU and domestic recovery funds and prioritize renovation and other energy efficiency measures,” she said. In July, the Commission proposed the historic Fit for 55 package to deliver the Green Deal, which Simson discussed with the national energy ministers on September 22. Renewables are already today in the EU usually the cheapest source of power. They also called for the establishment of a centralised European platform to buy gas and start to build up strategic gas reserves, countering the bloc’s exposure to fluctuating international markets. Spain’s proposals include restricting the participation of certain traders in the EU carbon market, warning of the risk that “financial speculation rather than real factors drives prices up too quickly,” Reuters reported. “With the Renewable Energy Directive revision, the EU provides a complete framework for renewable deployment. “Getting to our new climate goals of course means ramping up the energy targets as well: We need 40% of renewables in our energy mix by 2030, not 32% as is the current objective. “In addition to the new EU headline energy efficiency target, we propose to increase the annual energy savings obligation to 1.5%. We also need to take energy efficiency seriously,” she said. “As long as the costs remain high, there are second thoughts as we saw for instance in Germany. On September 21, Spain’s Economy Minister Nadia Calvino and Energy and Environment Minister Teresa Ribera sent a letter to the EU Commission, saying member states should not need to improvise ad hoc measures every time markets malfunction. The European Commission is facing calls to investigate Gazprom, after Members of the European Parliament reportedly sent a letter on September 16 to Simson and the EU’s anti-trust chief Margrethe Vestager, saying they suspected the Russian gas giant of market manipulation. “But we have all together agreed to achieve these objectives, as we know that there is no alternative – we are already beginning to see the cost of inaction in Europe and around the globe and it is steep. “More generally however, social impacts and addressing energy poverty is regularly mentioned in Council conclusions or common positions, when discussing energy policy,” the EU official said. “I know that for my colleagues in the Member States, this is a challenging collection of measures. EUROPEAN COUNCIL

Spain wants EU Council deeds, not words

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As electricity prices increase across the EU, the bloc’s energy and transport ministers met in Slovenia this week to discuss measures to help lower the energy transition cost and keep prices in check. The size of the package is unprecedented and the proposals are strongly interlinked, not to mention the overall ambition to deliver a 55% cut in emissions by 2030 and climate neutrality by 2050,” the EU Energy Commissioner said. We are in particular focusing on areas where progress remains moderate: buildings, industry, and transport,” she added. Despite concerns that high power surges could delay plans for energy transition across the European Union, Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson put up a brave face, telling ministers on September 22 in the long run, the solution is more renewables and more energy efficiency. “We also need to take energy efficiency seriously. Simson said a combination of factors, but mostly high natural gas prices and the increasing post-crisis demand, caused electricity prices to increase across the EU. An EU official told New Europe on September 22 the Council does not have a common position on the current increase of energy prices. The increase in electricity prices is creating a lot of concerns and debate in Europe. “The issue of current energy prices was raised at yesterday’s (September 21) General Affairs Council, a member state, supported by others asked it to be added to the agenda of the upcoming European Council meeting on October 21-22. It is the only real solution to energy poverty and the best antidote to growing energy bills – using less energy means paying for less energy. As part of the July package, the EU Commission has proposed the new Social Climate Fund that would use the ETS revenues to balance the impact of the energy prices, providing funding for renovation and renewables projects as well as direct support to consumers. Simson told a press conference on September 22 the EU has to lessen its dependence on imported fossil fuels. In Spain, wholesale electricity prices have more than trebled since December, sparking a political blame game, Reuters reported, adding that the government moved last week to cap prices and limit power companies’ profits. Now is the time to deliver what we have committed to,” he added. Today’s situation underlines that we have to end our dependence on foreign, volatile fossil fuels as soon as possible,” the EU Energy Commissioner said. “Today’s situation underlines that we have to end our dependence on foreign volatile fossil fossils fuels as soon as possible. And we need to save 9% more energy than we would with our current plans,” Simson said. This will be for the President of the European Council to decide,” the EU official said, referring to the Spanish government’s request to include a European debate on the energy market in the Council’s agenda due to the increase in electricity prices. style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>EU spiking electric prices live wire, no one conducting answers

By Kostis Geropoulos
Energy & Russian Affairs Editor, New Europe

EU Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson gives a press conference following the Informal meeting of Energy and Transport Ministers, in Kranj, Slovenia, September 22, 2021. According to Simson and EU Transport Commissioner Adina Valean electrifying the European transport sector is one of the keys to the EU’s success. However, Simson said that regardless of the temporary hike of the electricity prices, in the long run, the solution is clear: “We need more renewables and we need to improve our energy efficiency.

However, Biden’s well-received UNGA address promising “relentless diplomacy” and describing the use of military power as a “tool of last resort,” was not matched in the way of presidential-level American engagement with world leaders in New York, as President Biden spent barely a full 24-hour cycle – he stayed one night – in New York. President Biden’s New York UNGA-related meetings in New York included UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on September 20, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison – in connection with the new AUKUS alliance and submarine deal, and Iraq’s President Barham Selah. Biden has long been considered a multilateralist and strong UN supporter, so little of this came as a surprise to the global community. Blame the schedulers? style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>President Biden’s short UN General Assembly visit raises questions

By Alec Mally
Director for Global Economic Affairs at IPEDIS. Biden’s defenders point out, quite accurately, that Biden knows many of the world’s top leaders from his service as Vice President and thus needs few if any of the “get acquainted” sessions Trump required in 2017. Joseph R. President of United States of America Joe Biden Addresses General Assembly Debate

UN Photo Digital Asset Management System

This year’s General Assembly session is a yawner, but many worry about Biden’ short stay in New York

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President Joe Biden’s first address to the 76th UN General Assembly (UNGA) on September 21 provided the world with an almost infinite supply of fresh-sounding US policy pronouncements that emphasized global cooperation, a stark contrast compared with Donald Trump’s “America-first” approach. After returning to Washington on September 21, Biden then presided over a White House bilateral with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Encouraged by Biden’s extremely positive messages that the US would be “using the power of our development aid to invest in new ways of lifting people up around the world” and the US would be “renewing and defending democracy,” those world leaders and foreign ministers who actually came to New York this year were left with few options other than to attempt to discuss the new US’ approach with Secretary of State Antony Blinken and his team in New York. Nevertheless, the spectacle of the rushed US Afghanistan withdrawal, Biden’s noticeably short New York stay and European fury over the Australian submarine deal all combine to project an image of US disengagement or impotence, even without throwing the critical issues of Iran, China, and climate change into the mix. Supporters of Trump have pointed out – in almost exuberant terms – how then-incoming President Trump devoted close to a full week at the UNGA back in 2017 with a packed schedule of meetings. Blinken developed a reputation in his early months in office for being overly focused on Europe, not global issues, and for frequently dashing off to meetings in Europe even as the situation in Afghanistan came apart in full view of senior US officials. These included bilateral meetings with leaders of Israel, Jordan, Qatar, Egypt, The Palestinian Authority, the UK, France, Slovakia and, of course, the UN Secretary-General.   While most world leaders understand Biden’s priorities are overwhelmingly domestic in view of the Covid-19 pandemic and that energies must be focused on those issues, his short New York stay raises inevitable questions about US global engagement and Biden’s fitness for office. It should not be forgotten that many foreign visitors to the New York UNGA will find their path to Washington after their UN speeches for bilateral meetings with senior US officials and Congress. Biden Jr., President of the United States of America, addresses the general debate of the General Assembly’s seventy-sixth session.

The EBRD Energy Compact is based on the flagship EBRD Green Cities programme designed to introduce bottom-up planning through Green Cities Action Plans for green priority investments for cities. Under this pledge, the EBRD commits itself to almost double investments in EBRD Green Cities’ priority investments to around €1.9 billion by end-2023 from €1.011 million as of August 2021. style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>EBRD funding to bring green and reliable energy to cities

By New Europe Online/KG

Winter view of Kazakhstan’s capital Nur-Sultan. With cities growing but their leaders aware of the need to slow the pace of climate change, a key task for planners is to work out how to provide energy to expanding urban populations without aggravating climate problems or worsening air quality. This applies particularly to cities around the EBRD regions – central and eastern Europe, Central Asia, and the southern and eastern Mediterranean,” Parshad said. “When it comes to addressing the climate emergency, cities must be front and centre: they account for over 70 per cent of global emissions, and the megatrend towards urbanization especially in the developing world, will place even more focus – quite rightly so – on the need for clean air, decarbonised urban transportation, and green and reliable energy access for all,” she said. FILE PICTURE

Focus on Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Southeast Mediterranean

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The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) launched on September 22 its own Energy Compact to support the energy transition, focussed on investments within its flagship urban sustainability programme, EBRD Green Cities. Solving these problems in a multi-faceted way was the inspiration behind the EBRD Green Cities programme, set up in 2016, which aims to help cities identify, prioritise and tackle these urban challenges to create more sustainable living spaces, the EBRD said, adding that it has proved so popular that, in its first five years, it has grown to include 49 cities. In the same period, the number of Green City Action Plans – the plans each city draws up after joining the programme, identifying priority environmental issues to address – is to rise to 50 from 19 currently completed, the EBRD said. These include planning and financing aimed at forwarding SDG7, such as improving energy efficiency in buildings, supporting green urban mobility, water, waste management and digitalisation of city services. “The numerous challenges they face include insufficient infrastructure investment, demographic changes and poor air quality, all linked to a historical legacy of high energy and carbon intensity,” she added. The Dialogue is preceded by three days of multi-stakeholder pre-summit events. The Compact is a response to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, which aims to provide clean and affordable energy for all, the bank said. On September 24 in New York, the UN is hosting a High-Level Dialogue on Energy, whose outcomes will include a global roadmap towards the achievements of SDG 7 by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050, as well as a series of Energy Compacts from member states and non-state actors such as the EBRD. The annual impact of Green Cities investments already translates into significant energy savings, estimated to be 2.4 million Gigajoules annually. EBRD Sustainable Infrastructure Group Managing Director Nandita Parshad announced the EBRD Energy Compact for Green Cities at an event on September 22 and stressed the importance of the focus on energy.

“Fuel irradiation in a commercial reactor is an important step for the further commercialization of this product. ATF development is the major global trend in nuclear power industry, which is aimed at bringing the safety of nuclear power plants to the new level, practically eliminating the probability of accidents with negative impact for the environment,” he added. Since 2018, Rosatom has been testing Russian-designed ATF for VVER and PWR reactors. These technological solutions enable to either completely eliminate or significantly slow down the zirconium-steam reaction in the reactor core in case of an accident in the reactor core. According to Rosatom, each of the three combined VVER-1000 fuel assemblies of the TVS-2M model contains twelve experimental fuel rods: six of them have their cladding made of chromium-nickel alloy, and the other six have a standard zirconium alloy cladding with chromium coating. The experimental assemblies, which have passed two full irradiation cycles in the MIR research reactor, contain fuel rods with four different combinations of cladding and fuel matrix materials: in addition to uranium dioxide, uranium-molybdenum alloy with high thermal conductivity has been also used for fuel pellets fabrication. For irradiation in a high-capacity reactor, the project team chose the conservative versions of the developed ATF fuel rods with a standard fuel matrix of uranium dioxide. After two irradiation cycles, all fuel rod remain hermetically sealed. “We express our gratitude to Rosenergoatom and Rostov NPP for the efficient interaction with Rostekhnadzor and, for our part, we will continue our close cooperation with the regulator for licensing of the further irradiation cycles. Prior the start of the pilot ATF irradiation, the join team of specialists from the Fuel, Machine-building and Power divisions coordinated by Rosatom State Corporation, carried out a large-scale work for validation of loading of the innovative fuel bundles into a commercial reactor, in order to comply with the appropriate license from the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision Rostekhnadzor, Rosatom said. ROSATOM

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Russia’s state atomic corporation Rosatom said on September 20 the first Russian-made fuel bundles with experimental ATF fuel rods (Advanced Technology Fuel) have been loaded into VVER-1000 reactor core at the power unit 2 of the Rostov NPP in southwest Russia, which has resumed operations after the scheduled maintenance and refueling. Based on the research results, it is planned to choose the optimal combination of structural and fuel materials, taking into account technical and economic performance. It is symbolic that this landmark milestone is achieved on the days when TVEL Fuel Company celebrates its 25th anniversary,” TVEL Fuel Company President Natalia Nikipelova said.   Nikipelova noted that some ATF options with alternative fuel matrix could also make operations more economically efficient without increasing the level of uranium enrichment. “According to international analysts, this product will dominate the global market in a relatively short term,” she said. style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>Rosatom starts ATF operation at Rostov NPP in Southwest Russia

By New Europe Online/KG

Advanced Technology Fuel rods. It corresponds with the global practice, as the existing ATF development programs worldwide also suggest that introduction of the new fissile and structural materials should be carried out gradually. Research, design and testing of the accident tolerant fuel in TVEL Fuel Company is provided and coordinated by the Bochvar Institute of Inorganic Materials.

The democratic world is being challenged by authoritarian rulers in Russia and China. He should be better positioned for the next election, though this cannot be said of Trudeau. This is not just a role to be dominated by the United States. Canada’s commitment to key organizations such as the G7 and NATO remains steadfast and undoubted. Such efforts would show the populace that there is an alternative form of practicing politics, but most importantly, that politics need not be corrupt. After the expenditure of over $600 million (CDN), the end result was virtually the same as it was when parliament was dissolved. It must contribute and provide examples of how to implement “transparency” measures in the daily operations of government. Canadian flag waving with Parliament Buildings hill and Library in the background

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Though it is hard to say, the recent election in Canada was a waste of money. Canada must help Ukraine to develop a fair, transparent, and lawful form of political funding of these parties. The only purpose for Trudeau to call an early election was to take advantage of his public image and to obtain a majority before his photogenic facade began to wilt and the electorate’s patience with him ended as his leadership continued. On another front, the relationship with the United States, which is always at the forefront in Canadian minds, is stable despite the vast disparity between the Trump administration in style and ideological approach. In Ukraine, Canada is a place that is normal, law-abiding, peaceful, and a place where those who want can fulfill their economic ambitions for their families. Though statistically the ruling Liberals and the opposition Conservatives remained statistically tied till election day according to the polls, Erin O’Toole, the leader of the opposition Conservatives who was running for the first time as leader, was not able to gain the electorate’s confidence. Over 70% of voters believed the election should not have been called, a belief that remained throughout the election period. Throughout Canada, there are many regions where Ukrainians were the first settlers and who worked hard to build farmsteads, to develop communities, and social institutions. By not actively “exporting” its experiences and expertise to others, such as institution building, its example of political stability, the sovereignty of law, the commitment to a just and fair society, an example of tolerance and the independence of courts, amongst others, the world is made less safe. Polakiwsky's work regularly appears in the Kyiv Post and The Atlantic Council as well as in Ukraine's Novoya Vremya and Liga.net. Canada has to be more aggressive in influencing the actions of the Ukrainian government towards fulfilling these goals. Based in Kyiv, he covers Ukrainian affairs for New Europe and is a noted commentator and lecturer on geopolitical issues. It must vehemently apply more pressure on Ukraine to transform and not reform its governing institutions. The second being that, usually in Canadian politics when a leader exhibits such political opportunism, both he and his party are electorally punished for their arrogance. However, under Trudeau, Canada’s place and example in the world as a soft power player has diminished. It must pressure high-level politicians to act towards the furtherance of democratic society building without compromise. The Liberal party won most of the seats, but not enough for a majority that would have propelled Trudeau to a further guaranteed five years in power. A democratic rules-based order, accompanied by the expansion of free markets unstained by corruptive influence, are proven ingredients and frameworks for economic expansion. Canada must more actively participate within Ukraine’s body politic. Russian gas transits and loans to fledging and financially starved governments by the Chinese are roads to serfdom. For many, this is very disappointing because Canada is respected and looked upon both as an example of a just and tolerant society and whose values are deemed to be emulated. Patience with Trudeau, especially his “style”, is dissipating. Though the election accomplished little in terms of providing a fresh governing mandate, the process did reveal two surprises, the first being a growing division within the electorate; a number of campaign events had to be cancelled because protesters threw gravel at the prime minister. The world’s democracies must not only take note of the deliberate strategic steps that both Russia and China are trying to institute on world institutions, and on those countries attempting to become democratic, but must act pro-actively in advocating for democratic principles and confidently recalibrate both their rhetorical strengths and practical actions in promoting the development of democratic institutions based on the dignity of human individuals. And in another way, it would export the best of Canada, reigniting the notion of the efficacy of a “soft power” approach to a fledgling democracy. Focusing on e-government. Canadians can be a weary lot when politicians take them for granted and they are not above punishing them. Inspired by this historic fact, it’s time that Canada takes on this perspective in regards to Ukraine. It must not only encourage these efforts, but must also use its credibility to scold when needed. It must provide and demand that leading experts be embedded in ministries to help in their establishment along the lines of democratic principles. But rather than passively accept this challenge, the world’s leading democracies must aggressively take on both Moscow and Beijing in providing a rules-based world order. style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>Canada’s election and its meaning for Ukraine

By Yuri Polakiwsky
Canadian-born political commentator specializing in foreign policy. Despite its flaws, Canada’s example and its motto of, “peace, order and good government” are worthy to be emulated. Though Ukraine is not Canada, Ukraine is yearning for “peace, order and good government”. It must not only present suggestions at building rule of law institutions, which it does, but also apply more vociferous criticisms when these efforts move at a snail’s pace. The steadfast nature of the relationship between the two countries remains and good relations are assumed, despite the differing roles that each country plays in the world. That said, there was virtually no mention of foreign policy during the election. But as Ukraine is attempting to build a rules-based society, Canada has not contributed as much as it is capable of doing in its support of Ukraine’s institution or even nation-building. If Canada implemented some of these approaches, it would not be considered a form of colonialism, but a goodwill effort by one of its closest friends. That is why Canada’s reduced place in the mindset of the world is troubling. The issue of climate change has been strenuously debated in Canada. Ukraine still does not have ideologically-based parties. In Ukraine, this means that Canada must use its established and credible voice to provide encouragement for a fledgling democratic society in its quest for the establishment and development in the building of strong and stable governing institutions. Ukrainians need expertise as to how to build a culture of democratic, ideologically-based political parties. The relationship between Canada and Ukraine is “special”, and for many Ukrainians, the former is seen as a promised land. Ottawa must also send politicians and political experts, in addition to funding political party-building efforts. Though he showed his ability to present a centrist line, an effort that challenged his fealty to uncompromising conservative values within his party, he did escape Justin Trudeau’s attempt to demonize him. There is no question that Canada’s largest city, Toronto, is the greatest example of how people of various races, religions, and cultures can live in peace and harmony. Canadians have the expertise to help develop this type of political rules making.