At UN, Kazakhstan proposes multilateral biological weapons control system

“We should renew our commitment to leave no one behind, especially women, youth, children, elders, persons with disabilities, disproportionately affected by the crisis. Turning to the global economy, Tokayev urged the UN delegates to step up urgent concerted efforts for a truly global economic recovery. Although Kazakhstan is highly dependent on fossil fuels and has a long way to go to meet Paris 2030 targets, the countru’s commitment to develop a decarbonised economy has no alternative, he said. “I join the Secretary-General’s call on rescue package amounting to 10% of the world economy and share his view that the response to the pandemic should be based on a New Global Deal to create equal and broader opportunities for all,” he said.  During past months we have witnessed strong solidarity all over the world through volunteering. Thirdly, it may be necessary to revise the International Health Regulations to increase the World Health Organization’s capacity, and to develop national capabilities in preventing and responding to diseases. “Kazakhstan was among the first to repatriate our women and children from war-torn Syria and Iraq. Kazakhstan is very vulnerable to the various effects of the climate change. As to regional stability, the rational use of transboundary water resources is instrumental. “I hope that the upcoming High-Level Meeting on Financing for Development will produce concrete measures. We have decriminalised defamation, adopted new laws on political parties and on the peaceful mass meetings,” he said, adding that the country has reduced the gender Inequality Index value by two times and have introduced a mandatory 30% quota for women and youth in election party lists. But the post-COVID recovery gives us unique opportunity to put environmental protection at the forefront of international agenda. It is our strong belief that the United Nations must lead the global effort to overcome the pandemic, accelerate recovery and improve prospects for global governance,” he said. Due to the immensely growing demand for confidence-building, Kazakhstan aims to transform Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia into a full-fledged organization for security and development in Asia, he said.  In this context, we note the importance of convening a Food Systems Summit in 2021,” he said. The Kazakh President said the Islamic Organization for Food Security, initiated by his country is ready to assist the international humanitarian campaign through the creation of food reserves. Kazakhstan urged all Member States to join its appeal to nuclear powers to take necessary and urgent measures to save the humankind from a nuclear disaster. In Kazakhstan I announced the current year as a Year of Volunteers,” he said. “Firstly, to build a strong global health system priority must be given to upgrading national health institutions through timely and coordinated support from developed countries and UN agencies,” he said. The nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament crisis is looming right behind the pandemic.   The largest disruption of education systems in history should be stopped from becoming a generational catastrophe. “We will reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by 15% by 2030 through economic overhaul and industrial modernisation. “We have helped 4.5 million fellow-citizens who temporarily lost their income during pandemic having allocated for this goal 1.1 billion dollars. Tokayev invited all countries to join the Code of Conduct for Achieving a World Free of Terrorism.  Landlocked developing countries have been particularly hard-hit by COVID-19 which has severely damaged trade and supply chains,” Tokayev said. “The climate emergency is a race we are losing. Over a million people have received food and household packages. “Secondly, we must take the politics out of the vaccine. According to the Kazakh President, the international community needs to do more to combat the health crisis following the coronavirus outbreak. As the current Chair of the LLDC Group, Kazakhstan has proposed a UN Roadmap to reinvigorate implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action, he said. To acknowledge the role of volunteers, I propose the United Nations to proclaim an International Year of Mobilising Volunteers for Development. Fourthly, we suggest that the idea of a network of Regional Centres for Disease Control and Biosafety under the UN auspices be closely examined. We thus propose the establishment of a Regional water and energy consortium,” he said, adding, “To coordinate development agenda in the region we intend to institutionalise a UN-led regional SDGs Center in Almaty”. “The highest expectation of our people is practical deliverables within Agenda 2030. “Kazakhstan proposes to establish a special multilateral body – the International Agency for Biological Safety – based on the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention and accountable to the UN Security Council,” he said. In light of the global pandemic, launching of a biological weapons control system is becoming more acute than ever, Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said at the General Debate of the 75th session of the UNGA “The future we want, the UN we need: Reaffirming our collective commitment to multilateralism” on September 23. It was an unprecedented measure in our part of the world,” he said. We must unite around the UN’s six climate positive actions. That is why we urge all P5 countries to ratify the respective Protocols to the Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Treaties, including Semipalatinsk Treaty,” he said. Turning to climate change, Tokayev said it’s an existential crisis for the world civilisation. “Kazakhstan has been the role model of a responsible state by willingly abandoning its nuclear arsenal and shutting down world’s biggest nuclear test site.  We believe that legally-binding negative security assurances should be given to every non-nuclear-weapon state.  The very basic target, zero hunger is to be provided unconditionally. The tragedies of Aral Sea and Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site, the rapid melting of glaciers, and desertification threaten not only Kazakhstan and Central Asian region, but also the entire world,” he said. We need prompt and well-coordinated steps to get back on track for an accelerated SDG Decade of Action – probably the most critical decade of our generation. And yet, in next five years we will plant more than two billion trees,” he said. However, continuous erosion of the non-proliferation regime leaves us in a dangerous position,” he said. Tokayev called for the suspension of debt repayments by the poorest countries to help reduce uncertainty. Civic engagement and private sector involvement are also critical for solving current pressing problems. Central Asia is undergoing rapid transformation through significant expansion of regional cooperation in various fields. It was not an easy decision, but absolutely necessary one. International financial institutions need to implement innovative solutions like debt-to-health system swaps. “No doubt that a prosperous, strong and united Central Asia is beneficial both for regional and global stakeholders. “In this respect we appreciate an active role played by relevant UN institutions including the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. “Therefore, we conduct political and economic reforms that are expected to give a boost to the development of our society to meet up the expectations of our people. Tokayev noted that regional cooperation has always been Kazakhstan’s main focus and commitment. It is not too late for reaching a COVID-19 vaccine trade and investment agreement that would protect global production and supply chains. Turning to the national level, Tokayev said Kazakhstan is determined to build an economically strong, democratically advanced and human-oriented “Listening State”. Kazakhstan stands ready to host such a regional centre,” Tokayev said.

style=”font-size:40px; line-height: 1.3em; font-weight: 800; padding:7px;”>At UN, Kazakhstan proposes multilateral biological weapons control system

By New Europe Online/KG

Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev gives a speech via video link to the UN, September 22, 2020. AKORDA